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  • Spondylodiscitis


    Spondylodiscitis is an infection of the intervertebral discs (between the vertebrae) along with the vertebrae...

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  • Arm Pain of Spinal Origin


    Arm pain of spinal origin can be described as discomfort or pain felt anywhere in the arm including the wrist, elbow...

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  • Isthmic Spondylolisthesis


    Isthmic spondylolisthesis is a spinal disorder in which one vertebra glides forward over the vertebra below.

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  • Skeletal Dysplasia


    Skeletal dysplasia, also called osteochondrodysplasia, is the term used for growth or developmental disorders...

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  • Pseudarthrosis/Nonunion


    Pseudarthrosis is an unhealed broken bone, also known as nonunion. Usually, damaged or broken bones heal...

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  • Cervicogenic Headache


    Cervicogenic headaches involve pain in one or both sides of your head that radiates from your neck to the front of the head.

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  • Spinal Compression Fractures

    Spinal Compression-Fractures

    A compression fracture of the vertebra occurs when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) collapse.

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  • Spinal Disorders


    The spine is made up of a column of small bones called vertebrae that surround and protect the spinal cord...

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  • Spinal Injuries at Work

    Spinal-Injuries at Work

    Injuries at the workplace are very common and may be debilitating. Global statistics report that around 260...

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  • Spinal Instability


    Spinal instability refers to the condition of failure of the spinal column to maintain its normal structure.

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  • Disc Herniation


    Disc herniation is one of the common causes of back pain. The intervertebral discs are flat and round, present between the vertebrae...

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  • Facet Joint Arthritis


    Facet joint arthritis, also known as facet joint syndrome, is a form of arthritis that affects the facet joints of the spine.

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  • Back Pain


    Back pain or backache is the pain felt in the back that may originate from damage to the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other...

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  • Spondylolisthesis


    Spondylolisthesis is the displacement of the vertebral disc from the spinal column. Outward (forward) displacement is termed as...

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  • Spine Deformities


    The spine or backbone provides stability to the upper part of our body. It helps to hold the body upright.

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  • Degenerative Disc Disease


    Degenerative disc disease (DDD) refers to the gradual deterioration of the intervertebral discs between the vertebrae.

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  • Tethered Cord Syndrome


    Tethered cord syndrome is a condition characterized by a restricted spinal cord within the spinal canal that cannot move upward...

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  • Spinal Tumors


    A spine tumor is the abnormal growth of uncontrolled tissues or cells in and around the spinal cord.

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  • Spine Injuries in Athletes


    Spine injuries in athletes are defined as damage sustained by the spine as a result of physical trauma or overuse in people who are actively involved in sports.

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  • Cauda Equina Syndrome

    Cauda-Equina Syndrome

    What Cauda equina syndrome is an emergency condition characterized by persistent severe lower back pain caused by the compression...

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  • Kyphosis


    Kyphosis is a condition of abnormal curvature of the spine that causes rounding of the upper back or a hunchback.

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  • Scheuermann's Kyphosis


    Scheuermann’s kyphosis is a deformity of the spine that develops during growth. It can be considered as increased kyphosis.

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  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

    sacroiliac Joint-Dysfunction

    Sacroiliac joint dysfunction or sacroiliac joint pain is one of the common causes of low back pain.

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  • Chordoma


    Chordoma is a rare, slow-growing malignant tumor that develops in the spine and skull bones.

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  • Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury


    A traumatic spinal cord injury is an injury from sudden physical trauma that results in a fracture, dislocation, or compression...

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  • Adjacent Segment Disc Disease

    adjacent Segment-Disc-Disease

    Spinal fusion surgery involves the fusion of two or more vertebral bones and is a standard of care for spinal deformities and conditions...

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  • Spondyloarthropathies


    Spondyloarthropathies are a group of chronic inflammatory diseases of the spine and joints. Spondyloarthropathies can occur at any age...

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  • Lordosis


    The spine forms a natural curve at the neck, torso, and lower back, which allows it to absorb shock and hold the weight of your head.

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  • Proximal Junctional Kyphosis


    Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) is a common complication following adult spinal deformity surgery or a long spinal fusion.

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  • Neck and Back Injuries


    Neck and back injuries usually result from damage to the surrounding structures such as the muscles, bones, or ligaments of the neck...

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  • Epidural Abscess


    An epidural abscess is a medical condition that can be defined as an infection in the region between the spine, or bones of the skull...

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  • Sports-Related Spine Injuries

    Sports-Related-Spine Injuries

    Sports and exercise are an essential part of a healthy lifestyle. Sports injuries often affect the spine as a result of inadequate ...

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  • Spine Bone Spurs


    Spine bone spurs, also called osteophytes, are bony projections that develop in the spine’s facet joints where...

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  • Spinal Stenosis


    Spinal stenosis is a condition caused by the vertebral column constricting and exerting pressure on the spinal cord or neural foramen...

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  • Whiplash


    Whiplash is a soft tissue injury to the neck, usually caused by a sudden forceful jerk commonly occurring because of an automobile...

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  • Adult Degenerative Scoliosis


    Adult degenerative scoliosis is characterized by side to side or lateral bending of the spine in adults.

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  • Spine Arthritis


    Spine arthritis is a condition characterized by the inflammation, degeneration, or wearing out of cartilage in the joints of the spine.

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  • Neuromuscular Scoliosis


    Scoliosis is a condition in which the spine bends to the left or right side resulting in an irregular shape. Neuromuscular scoliosis is a...

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  • Adult Kyphosis-Types and Causes

    Adult-Kyphosis-Types-and -Causes

    Adult kyphosis, the condition of curve in the spine is categorized into the major types Postural Kyphosis...

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  • Osteoporotic Fractures

    osteoporotic -Fractures

    Osteoporosis is a bone disorder where your bones become fragile and weak causing them to break easily.

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  • Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis


    Scoliosis is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine, either to the left or to the right.

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  • Kyphosis in Children


    Kyphosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that causes rounding of the upper back or a “hunchback”.

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  • Radiculopathy


    Certain diseases or mechanical compression of these spinal nerves due to deformities in the vertebral column can lead to radiculopathy.

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  • Osteoporosis of the Spine


    Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density resulting in brittle, fragile bones that...

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  • Piriformis Syndrome


    Piriformis Syndrome is an uncommon, rare neuromuscular condition caused by the compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle.

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  • Disc Changes


    The cartilaginous disc is made up of an outer fibrous layer called the annulus fibrosus, which surrounds an inner gelatinous core called...

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  • Discitis


    Discitis, also called discitis, is inflammation between the spaces of the intervertebral discs in the spine.

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  • Back Pain in Children


    Back pain is uncommon in children and is usually associated with a serious underlying condition or an injury.

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